DOT: Reasonable Suspicion (Drug and Alcohol Awareness)
Overview/Description Target Audience Prerequisites Expected Duration Lesson Objectives Course Number Overview/Description
Drug and alcohol abuse by employees is a common cause of serious workplace problems faced by American companies and organizations today, including accidents and ineffective work practices. Beyond the financial burden of increased insurance costs, loss of income, and compensation payments, substance use on the job can result in life-changing injuries or fatalities. Several US laws have been enacted to combat drug and alcohol abuse in the workplace. The Department of Transportation (DOT) interprets these laws and provides employers who are responsible for transportation employees with guidelines for setting up effective drug-free programs. Employers rely on supervisors to implement these guidelines; for example, through being vigilant in identifying and addressing instances of workplace substance abuse and alcohol misuse. In particular, supervisors of safety-sensitive employees must monitor staff members to determine whether or not there are sufficient grounds to refer the individuals for a reasonable-suspicion drug or alcohol test, and then follow the required testing procedures. This course explores the causes, indicators, and consequences of alcohol misuse and substance abuse in the US transportation industry. It describes the US laws that relate to drug and alcohol testing of transportation employees and outlines DOT regulations that enforce compliance among transportation employers. The course also discusses the supervisor's role in referring employees for testing based on a reasonable suspicion that a safety-sensitive worker is using or under the influence of alcohol or drugs while on duty. DOT Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration regulation 49 CFR Part 382.603 (Alcohol Misuse and Controlled Substances Use Information, Training, and Referral - Training for supervisors) requires supervisors of commercial motor vehicle drivers who operate vehicles that require a commercial driver license to take 60 minutes of training on alcohol misuse and 60 minutes of training on controlled substances use. This course is designed to meet the requirements of 49 CFR Part 382.603. This course was developed with subject matter support provided by EnSafe Inc., a global professional services company focusing on engineering, environment, health and safety, and information technology. Please note, the course materials and content were current with the laws and regulations at the time of the last expert review, however, they may not reflect the most current legal developments. Nothing herein, or in the course materials, shall be construed as professional advice as to any particular situation with respect to compliance with legal statutes or requirements.
All transportation employees; safety-sensitive transportation employees; service agents; and supervisors of commercial motor vehicle drivers